The days before and after the solar term major heat is the hottest days of the summer. As the saying goes 小暑大暑無君子」There is not gentleman during the major heat and minor heat. Temperature is so hot people longer car about manners and take off their clothes, thus losing their gentlemanly image.
Afternoon rain is common, yet if there is not rain for multiple days, it implies a typhoon is coming. This is the season when typhoons are common.
Based on the name or the solar term, 「小」 means little, or minor, 「暑」means torridity.
Although it is not the hottest weather, it is pretty humid and hot. Recent years,
temperatures can go up to 35 degrees Celsius. Afternoon thunderstorms make the
temperature a lot more bearable.
This is the season when people eat things such as Jelly figs ice, Xiancao ice, ice tapioca, red bean ice, ice green beans. (may be a bad translation..)
Remember to find a quiet place to meditate during this solar term!